Arapawa Island pig is an uncommon breed of pig native to the Arapawa Island in New Zealand. It is a large, hardy animal with a flat back and a prominently bulging forehead. The breed originates from feral populations of pigs descended from pigs which were released in the area by the first ships to settle the islands over two hundred years ago.
The breed is black, white or mottled in color, and often has a distinctive curly coat. The breed is known to be quite long-lived, with some pigs living to their teens even in the wild! They are hardy and able to survive on much weaker sources of nutrition than domestic breeds, making them a great choice for homesteaders and farmers looking to reduce need for purchased feed.
Arapawa Island pigs are highly vocal animals and often express themselves with snorts, grunts and squeals. They are friendly and curious animals, making them a popular choice as a pet pig. They tend to be quite independent and can be taught tricks like any other pigs. They are also known to be very intelligent, able to learn to respond verbally to voice commands.
Arapawa Island pigs have a number of unique physical features that set them apart from other breeds. They have short legs and a wide, rounded body shape, with a long face and a prominent forehead. The ears are smaller and flatter than most pigs, and their noses are pointy and upturned. The coat of an Arapawa Island pig is usually thick and curly.
The Arapawa Island Pig is an excellent producer of both meat and lard. Its meat is of superior quality, with a delicious flavor and texture. Its lard is also renowned for its high quality and makes an excellent cooking fat. This combination of traits makes the Arapawa Island Pig a very desirable breed for the livestock farmer.
Due to its distinctive nature and low numbers, the Arapawa Island Pig is now a rare breed. The Arapawa Island Pig Preservation Society was founded in 2002 and is dedicated to preserving the breed and increasing its numbers. Conservation efforts include maintaining a closed gene pool to prevent genetic drift, and continuing to promote the breed to those interested in keeping it as livestock or a pet.