The Black Canarian pig is an indigenous pig breed from the Canary Islands, an archipelago off the coast of West Africa. The pigs are mainly found in the islands of Gran Canaria and Tenerife and are known for their long, lopsided ears, black hair, and a white belt around the middle that runs from the shoulder to the tail.
The Black Canarian pig is an old breed, believed to have originated in the Canary Islands prior to the arrival of Europeans in the 15th century. Over the centuries, the breed has adapted to the conditions of its home islands, which is characterized by dry and sunny weather and a scarcity of resources. As a result, the breed is hardy and capable of surviving on a low-input, low-cost diet.
The main purpose of the Black Canarian pig is for meat production, and the breed is well-suited for this purpose. The pigs are noted for their lean, fine-textured meat that is light in color and flavor. This makes them a desirable choice for small-scale farmers and homesteaders who don’t need copious amounts of pork, but still want good quality product.
The Black Canarian pig is also noted for its hardiness and resistance to disease. Despite its isolation, the breed has developed an immunity to many of the diseases that plague other breeds, making it a great choice for farmers without access to regular veterinary care.
The pigs are also noted for their docile temperaments and easy-going attitudes. They are content to graze peacefully, and rarely exhibit aggressive behavior. This makes them an ideal breed for small-scale farmers who may not have the resources to dedicate to a more temperamental animal.
The Black Canarian pig is also prolific in terms of litter size. The typical sow will produce eight to ten piglets in a litter, and the piglets reach full size and maturity in just twelve months.
Finally, the breed is also noted for its easy adaptation to various climates and terrains. This makes it suitable for farmers who may not have ideal agricultural conditions, or those who wish to raise the pigs beyond the Canary Islands.
Overall, the Black Canarian pig is an ideal choice for small-scale farmers who want a hardy animal with lean, flavorful meat, a good litter size, and a mild temperament.