The Cantonese pig is a short, compact pig breed that originates from the Guangdong province of China. It is historically known for its ability to thrive on low quality feed, making it well-suited to the hot and humid climate of the region. The Cantonese pig is a medium-sized breed, with a typical adult pig having a weight between 200-250 pounds. Its most distinguishing features are its short legs and flat face.
The Cantonese pig has a medium length coat. It is prone to black, white, and pink pigmentation. However, its coat is typically black or gray, with white or cream colored patches around the eyes, muzzle and legs. The Cantonese pig is an excellent forager, and will scavenge for food when necessary.
Cantonese pigs are known for their productivity, with litters of piglets ranging from 4-10 piglets. The piglets have a short nursing period, followed by a rapid growth rate. The maturity rate is also faster than most other pig breeds, with adult Cantonese pigs reaching weights of up to 250 pounds in just six months.
Cantonese pigs are very hardy and have a good resistance to heat and humidity. As a result, they can cope with a variety of climates and environments. This makes them an excellent choice for outdoor pig farms. They are also quite docile and easy to manage, making them a popular breed for small-scale homesteaders and hobbyists.
The Cantonese pig is known for its high-quality meat. The pork produced is renowned for its flavor and tenderness, making it a desirable food for many Chinese dishes. The average meat yield, when breeding for growth, is typically higher than other breeds.
In conclusion, the Cantonese pig is an excellent breed for people involved in raising pigs. It is a hardy breed that is well-suited to both outdoor and indoor operations. The pigs are known for their excellent meat quality, rapid growth rate, and productive litters. With proper management, the Cantonese pig can be a successful and profitable venture.