The North Caucasian pig breed is a heritage pig breed originally from regions in the Russian Federation and is also known as the Caucasian Boar. It is one of the oldest breeds of pig still in existence today, and has an approximate average weight of 350-400 kilograms. The North Caucasian pig is a hardy, robust breed, renowned for its adaptation to extreme climates and its foraging capabilities.
The coat of the North Caucasian pig is typically a rusty red colour with light hair and occasional darker markings, and the breed has long, curved ears that are designed to reduce heat loss during cold weather. Unique to the breed is a shallow depression in the forehead which is believed to be a sensory organ, helping the pig to detect prey by sensing vibrations in the ground.
The distinctive characteristic of the North Caucasian pig is its ability to survive in harsh climates. It is capable of foraging for food even in the harshest environments, making it an important source of food for rural communities in the region. The North Caucasian pig is also well known for its strong muscles and tough skin, which make it invaluable for food production in cold climates.
The diet of the North Caucasian pig consists mainly of grasses, roots and other plant matter, making it a sustainable breed to keep. It is a highly productive breed, producing an average of 30-50 piglets in a single litter, and the life expectancy of the pigs is between 15-18 years. The breed is also known for its docile and friendly nature, making it suitable for domestication.
The North Caucasian pig is also highly valued for its meat, which is said to be tender and flavoursome. It is an ideal choice for artisanal butchers and renowned chefs, as it is known for its excellent taste and texture. The breed is also popular with farmers due to its hardiness and ability to withstand difficult conditions and climates.
The North Caucasian pig is a vital part of the heritage and culture of many regions in the Russian Federation, and is still highly regarded as a food source for rural communities. With its remarkable resilience and docile nature, the breed is an ideal choice for small-scale farmers and artisanal butcheries alike.