Changthangi goats are a medium-sized breed of goat indigenous to the Changthang region of India and Pakistan, bordered by the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges. The breed is well-known for its hardy nature and ability to thrive in harsh and extreme conditions. Because of their hardiness, Changthangi goats are used extensively in India and Pakistan for both meat and dairy production.

The most distinctive feature of Changthangi goats is their unique coat color. It ranges from a light tan to a deep brown, and occasionally there are goats with white patches. They have a long, narrow head with short, erect ears and long horns that twist backward. Changthangi goats have medium length legs and a sturdy frame. They also have a straight, short back and broadly jointed, short legs.

Changthangi goats are raised for both meat and dairy production. The goats produce very high-quality milk, which is often used for cheese and butter production. Changthangi meat is highly sought after due to its lean, tender texture and intense flavor.

The Changthangi goats are also well adapted to survive in harsh and extreme conditions. Their thick coats help them to stay warm in cold temperatures, while their ability to find food even in the snow allows them to survive and thrive in areas where other livestock cannot.

Changthangi goats are known for their docile and friendly temperament. They are considered to be fairly easy to manage and are known to be quite friendly to humans, even when treated harshly. They are also quite easy to train and can be taught to pull carts and herding livestock.

The Changthangi goat is an important source of livelihood for many of the people who live in the mountain region bordering India and Pakistan. The hardiness of the breed and its ability to survive and thrive in harsh conditions has helped to sustain the local population in this area for centuries. Additionally, the goats are an important source of income for many of the local farmers and shepherds, as they can be sold for both meat and milk production. As a result, the breed is highly valued in this part of the world.