The Chengde Polled Goat is a Chinese breed that is known for its ability to produce large quantities of milk with high fat content. The breed is characterized by its small size and polled characteristic, meaning the animal has no horns. This trait is desirable for dairy production and milk harvesting, as animals without horns are easier to handle.
The Chengde Polled Goat is often referred to as the “Chinese White Speckled Goat” due to its light grey coat and white speckles. It is a medium-sized breed, standing between 30 and 35 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing between 120 and 140 pounds. Its head is relatively short with a wide, flat forehead and long, drooping ears that reach halfway down its nose.
The Chengde Polled Goats’ milk is very rich in butterfat, making it desirable for dairy production and cheese-making. It produces roughly 900-1200 liters of milk annually, with an average fat content of around 3.5%. The milk is also sweet and considered high quality.
This breed has a good resistance to diseases and is the preferred breed in its native China for managing grazing land, although its milk production has been on the decline over recent years. It is not a common breed outside of its native region, and thus its numbers remain relatively low.
The breed is well adapted to its environment and can survive in harsh climates and rocky terrain. Its thick, dense wool shields it from the elements, and it is a sure-footed animal capable of navigating mountainous terrain with ease. The goats are also highly intelligent and easily trainable, making them easy to manage and care for, even by inexperienced herders.
In conclusion, the Chengde Polled Goat is a Chinese breed known for its high quality dairy production. It is a polled breed, meaning the animal has no horns, and produces an average of 900-1200 liters of milk annually with an average fat content of around 3.5%. The breed is well adapted to its environment, and its thick, dense wool offers protection from the elements. It is also highly intelligent and easily trainable, making it easy to care for.