Kaachan is a traditional Japanese goat breed, originating in the mountains of Central Japan. Characterized by a long, stocky body, thick coat of fur, and distinctive short, black horns, Kaachan is highly valued for its milk and meat production.
The Kaachan’s stout build is adapted for its alpine habitat and rocky terrain. Its fur is generally white or light tan, with its legs and the bottom side of its neck being darker. The Kaachan has a short back, and a heavy, flattened face. It has short ears that are erect and forward pointing, and small, black horns that are no more than 10 cm in length.
The Kaachan is a hardy, sure-footed breed, with an impressive body weight that ranges between 80–120 kilograms. It is known for its hardiness and resistance to disease, and for its strong appetite. Kaachan goats are also known for their easy care requirements, being able to adapt to their environment and make use of whatever food sources are available.
The Kaachan is valued for its milk production, its meat, and its hardy wool. Its milk is creamy and highly nutritious, and is used to make a variety of cheeses and desserts. The Kaachan’s meat is sought after for its marbling, and for its flavor, which has been compared to beef. The Kaachan’s wool is soft, strong, and often used in clothing and blankets.
Kaachan goats are docile by nature, and well-adapted to a life of grazing. They can also be trained to pull carts or work in the fields. They are recognized as endangered by the Japanese government, due to the destruction of their natural habitat. Today, Kaachans are kept mostly as dairy goats, and are an important part of Japanese farming culture.